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  • Writer's pictureTeam Nellie

What makes our mental capacity assessment reports different?

The assessment of an individual's mental capacity is a critical and often complex task. It is essential for determining the ability of a person to make specific decisions about their life, especially when it concerns matters such as health, financial affairs, or legal issues. In the United Kingdom, mental capacity assessment reports often need to comply with Civil Procedure Rules Section 35 and are usually guided by the Mental Capacity Act 2005 and its associated Code of Practice.


In this blog, I aim to elucidate the key elements typically found in a mental capacity assessment template that is Civil Procedure Rules Section 35 compliant. This will offer professionals, families, and individuals a deeper understanding of how these assessments are conducted and what they entail.


Basic Structure of an Assessment


Client Details and Assessment Details

The initial section usually includes basic information about the client who is being assessed, as well as details about when and where the assessment is taking place.


Name and Profession of the Assessor

It's essential to know who is conducting the assessment. Here, the assessor’s qualifications and practical experience relevant to mental capacity assessments are laid out.


Relationship with the Client

The nature of the professional relationship between the assessor and the person being evaluated is also mentioned to establish context.


The Assessment Process


Stage 1: Functional Test

  1. Understanding Information: The first step is to evaluate if the person can comprehend the information relevant to the decision that needs to be made.

  2. Retaining Information: This examines if the person can hold onto the necessary information long enough to make an informed decision.

  3. Weighing Information: This stage checks if the individual can use or weigh the information to make a decision.

  4. Communicating the Decision: Finally, it is assessed whether the person can communicate their decision effectively, using any means including speech, signs, etc.

Stage 2: Diagnostic Test

Here, it’s determined if the person's inability to make the decision is because of an "impairment of, or disturbance in the functioning of, the mind or brain". This could be based on evidence like Montreal cognitive assessments, diagnostic reports, etc.



Additional Considerations

  • Relevant Information: Assessors ensure that the person has all the relevant information to make an informed decision. If alternatives are available, these should be presented.

  • Environmental Factors: Assessors may consider if the individual could understand better at different times of the day or in different locations.

  • Third-party Involvement: Sometimes, the involvement of family members, carers, or advocates can be considered to assist the person in making a decision.

Final Steps and Statement of Truth


The assessor then summarizes their findings, stating clearly whether the individual has the mental capacity to make the specific decision in question. The report ends with a ‘Statement of Truth’, attesting the assessor's honest belief in the truthfulness of the information provided.


Mental Capacity Assessments are critical for ensuring that individuals are provided the support and resources they need to live their lives as fully and independently as possible. It is therefore crucial that these assessments are conducted carefully, ethically, and in compliance with existing legal frameworks.


Understanding the structure and content of a Civil Procedure Rules Section 35 compliant mental capacity assessment can empower all stakeholders in this process, ensuring that the dignity, rights, and well-being of the individual being assessed are upheld.

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